Journals/Learning Logs/Thinkbooks: students keep a record of what they're learning and connect new information to what
they already know.
Admit Slips: students hand in a sentence or two "admitting something:" Felicia doesn't understand
vectors; Catherine finally finished her titration correctly. These give a teacher
a sense of what is--and what isn't--being learned
"Timed" or "Free" Writings: before class, students write freely for 5-10 minutes on what they think will be
covered. Before discussion, students write their ideas and opinions so they have something
to say. At the end of class, students review what has been covered and ask questions.
Letters/Role Playing: students write letters to important people in a subject area about what they're
learning (Benjamin Franklin, B.F. Skinner, James Watson) or write as if they were
another person (a young woman in 1776, a stock broker in 1929.) Or they write a letter
to you, the teacher, telling you something about the subject or the class.
Reteaching: students explain what they're learning to someone else.
Multiple drafts of formal papers, essay tests: professional writers and thinkers use writing to solidify
ideas and form. They don't expect to "get it right the first time." Give students
the same opportunity to wrestle with ideas and receive feedback before evaluation.
Thinking on paper: students "think out loud" on paper, explaining a problem to themselves as they solve
it. This can help students remember the process of solving that sort of problem and
let the teacher see where confusion may arise.
Lists: of ingredients in a situation or experiment, or steps in a process, causes or effects
Recording observations: of experiments, people, the world around them, the media, patterns, etc.
Observation reports: putting these observations together and making something of them.
Interviews: of people in the field, each other, imaginary interviews with people they've studied.
Responses: having students respond to class activities (role-playing, simulations, experiments,
readings, class discussion, presentations) can both help them relate the material
to their own concerns and remember it better.
Plans: have them write out a plan for something they will later do: an experiment, a computer
program, a paper, an interview, studying for a test.
Parallel writing: explaining a process as they do it (for example, how they run an experiment as they
go through it) can make students more aware of the process and its components and,
again, help them remember it.